Treatments for PCOS

PCOS is a hormonal condition that causes irregular periods, unpredictable ovulation, and other

symptoms. Treatments can help you manage your symptoms and lower your risk of other health

conditions, including diabetes and heart disease. Doctors don't know exactly what causes PCOS, but

family history and genetics, hormones, and lifestyle play a role. Women with insulin resistance (a

condition that makes their bodies less sensitive to insulin) are more likely to have PCOS.


PCOS is a hormone problem that affects about 1 in 10 women of childbearing age. It can cause a variety

of symptoms, including irregular or infrequent periods, excess hair growth (hirsutism), acne, weight

gain, and difficulty getting pregnant Symptoms usually begins around the time of your first menstrual

period, but sometimes they develop later. Other signs include ovarian cysts, infertility, and a higher risk

of heart disease, diabetes, and obesity. A gynecologist or endocrinologist makes the diagnosis by asking

you about your symptoms, past health, family history,, and other factors. You may also be asked to take

blood tests. The doctor might order a pelvic ultrasound, which uses sound waves to look for cysts in your



PCOS is caused by problems with the hormones that control the menstrual cycle. These are produced by

the ovaries, which also produce a small number of male hormones called androgens. The ovaries

produce a hormone called follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and another hormone called luteinizing

hormone (LH). They control the release of eggs, which are fertilized by sperm in the uterus. In PCOS, the

ovaries don't produce enough FSH or LH, so they don't release a mature egg every month. Instead, many

fluid-filled sacs develop along the edge of the ovary, containing immature eggs. Hormonal birth control

methods like pills, shots,, or an intrauterine device (IUD) can restore regular periods and reduce the risk

of developing cancer called endometrial cancer. Taking just a hormone called progestin can also get

periods back on track.

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A woman conceives (converts to being pregnant) when her ovaries ovulate (releases a fertilized egg).

Once the egg has hatched, it travels to her uterus and is attached in a process called implantation.

After implantation, your baby's placenta forms tiny hair like projections (villi) that extend into the wall of

your uterus. These villi carry oxygen, nutrients, and hormones to the developing fetus. As the fetus

grows, structures necessary to form the eyes and ears begin to appear. The head begins to swell, and

small buds that will become arms sprout. Your fetus' brain and face continue to develop until you give

birth when it's full-term at about 40 weeks. Most babies are born healthy, but some miscarriages and

birth defects occur during pregnancy.


In his 19th-century work, Gregory Mendel was the first to study how traits pass down from one

generation to the next. Mendel's discovery of the laws that govern trait inheritance helped pave the way

for modern genetics, a science that studies how genes interact with one another, and how they

influence an individual's traits.

There's no one gene responsible for PCOS, but it's a complex condition that can have a variety of causes.

It's a genetic disorder, meaning it can be passed down from parents to their children. It's also a complex

disease that can be caused by many different factors, including diet, exercise, and lifestyle. While

scientists are still working to understand the exact etiology of PCOS, there are some things you can do to

reduce your risk. If you're concerned about your ovaries or have other symptoms, talk to your

healthcare provider. They can help you find treatments that can ease your symptoms.


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